Dorothea Schwarcz Greenbaum, 1893-1986, began her career as a painter at the Arts Students League in New York, and later worked primarily as a sculptor in bronze and marble. She was politically active, campaigning against fascism and working to improve the lives and rights of artists, especially during the McCarthy era. Greenbaum was a member of the Sculptors Guild, then an avant-garde group, and was a founder of Artists Equity. Critics often describe Greenbaum’s sculpture with the phrase “love of humanity.” Greenbaum’s work is moving because each subject (even a tapir or a fish) possesses individual details of form that call the viewer into an intimate space of physicality.
Pictured: ” Young girl with bird,” bronze, 1965 (65″ )
Did Women Rule? This and other burning questions may be answered in an exhibit on the art and culture of Old Europe at NYU.
Female figurines predominate in Old European material culture. They can be found represented individually as well as in large groups, and in contexts identified as domestic, ritual, religious, and funerary. The proliferation of female imagery throughout the fifth and fourth millennia BC has prompted some scholars to interpret Old European culture as a peaceful world where female-centered goddess worship prevailed. Males, according to this theory, played a largely secondary role in society. Some scholars, however, consider this argument idealized—in fact many villages were fortified, weapons were buried with men, and adult males had the richest graves in cemeteries.